[3] This list does not include yams. While they won’t kill you, their taste may just turn you off of actual sweet potatoes for life! All varieties of the sweet potato produce edible tubers. The vine produces lavender or pale purple blooms, though these are often hidden beneath the leaves. May 22, 2015 - A gallery of varieties of the colorful sweet potato vine. There are two basic types of sweet potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed. This is a weak climber and may need to be trained onto a support. It works well as a border plant, or you can train it up a trellis or wall. Sweet potato belongs to Convolvulaceae family with more than a hundred developing countries, known to cultivate sweet potato and are ranked the 5 th most essential foodstuff in over 50 of those countries [] and globally, 7 th amongst the entire food production [], but has lesser experimental work than other staples such as potato (Solanum tuberosum) and wheat (Triticum aestivum). For a brighter look, the lime colored leaves give a … Soil samples for physical and chemical analysis were collected at 0 … Similar to Porto Rico. Agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a government agency and/or a university. Introduction. Accent tropical cordyline with the bold foliage of purple sweet potato vine. Gardeners turn to the sweet potato vine for its ability to power through just about anything while bringing interesting shapes, sizes, and colors to a pot or plot. Vine … While they grow from actual sweet potatoes, these varieties certainly are not food. North Carolina State University: "Sweet Caroline" Variety Brightens Landscapes, Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Blackie", Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Margarita", Pender Nursery: Ipomoea Batatas "Tricolor". All sweet potatoes are variations of one species: I. batatas. A yam tuber is starchier, dryer, and often larger than the storage root of a sweet potato, and the skin is more coarse. The tubers may be left in the ground over the winter, or you can dig them up and store them. [1] As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Roots are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh. They grow best at temperatures in excess of 25°C (77°F) in well-draining, loamy soil with a pH of 5.6–6.6. [3] Even though these growers called their products yams, true yams are significantly different. However, sweet potato is not widely cultivated in Europe.[2]. "Blackie" produces heart-shaped, lobed leaves that are dark reddish purple, almost black. Sweet potato vine (Ipomoea batatas), named for its edible cousin, is an ornamental warm-season annual grown for its attractive leaves and vining habit.The foliage lends a tropical feel to the garden and comes in a range of colors and varying forms. In some varieties recurrent use of vines as planting material for more than 5,6 seasons showed marked decrease in yield. Most cultivars feature foliage that is colorful, usually shaped or both. It has broad shape and dark green color leaves, long and thick stem, 4.5cm inter nodal length and has 9cm petiole length. Do Yukon Potato Plants Flower Before Bearing? Ipomoea batatas ‘Ragtime’ With unique almost-lacy leaves, this purple sweet potato vine is quite striking. The dry-fleshed types have a mealier texture when cooked and aren't as widely grown. Propagation in Sweet Potato Farming:-Tubers clips or vine cuttings are the common methods of the propagation in sweet potato cultivation.Planting, Spacing and Seed Rate in Sweet Potato Farming:- About 40 thousand to 50 thousand vine cuttings can be accommodated in one hectare of land. Types of Sweet Potatoes. World-wide there are about 6,500 sweet potato varieties including wild accessions, farmer varieties, and breeding lines. Sweet potato plants with desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new cultivars. These vines have been bred for their beautiful leaf shapes and colors. Here are some common sweet potato types: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh. The skin of a sweet potato root is a different color than the flesh. The treatments were four varieties of sweet potato (Ligri, Bohye, ... Vines were multiplied for eight weeks and vine cuttings were 30 cm long containing 4 or 5 nodes. It is an annual vine. Like sweet potatoes, ornamental sweet potato produces tuberous, edible roots, though these are not especially palatable. (Vine Type.) It may need to be pruned back if growth becomes too vigorous. Most of the popular varieties are the moist-fleshed types; these types convert more starch to sugar during cooking, making them sweeter to eat. Jewel – Coppery skin, bright orange flesh, semi-bush. "Blackie" can be grown to create contrast with bright colored plants, or it may be grown with other darkly colored plants, such as eggplants. People grow sweet potato in many parts of the world, including New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Japan, Hawaii, China, and North America. Sweet potato vine does well in containers, where it is a common spiller plant. The more orange the flesh of a sweet potato root is, the more nutritious carotene it has. Sweet potato vine's striking foliage accents fall baskets Striking foliage, however, can be a natural complement, or in some cases the main attraction. Kotobuki sweet potatoes are dryer and not widely used outside of Japanese cooking. It generally comes back the same color the following spring. Plant growth habit (characteristic 1) ii. Vine cuttings are suitable for planting. Allow the vines to die back naturally. It does best in full sun and warm weather (temperatures should remain above 55ºF before planting outside). A vine-type variety, it is known for its great taste, making it an excellent baking and cooking potato. Ornamental sweet potato is an attractive version of the edible sweet potato. Cordyline. Cultivated in 1973. The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.The sweet potato is not closely related to the common potato (Solanum tuberosum). Climate and Sweet Potatoes. Punjab Sweet Potato-21: The vines of this variety are medium long in length. What Colors Does a Sweet Potato Vine Come In? (The variety 'Vardaman' is grown for both.) Yams are any of various tropical species of the genus Dioscorea. One of the easiest ways to create multi-seasonal interest in the garden is to use plants with interesting foliage. The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. The black variety features heart-shaped leaves, which make quite a statement in the black color. Q. I recently pulled out a decorative sweet potato vine as I was cleaning out my planters for the season and found HUGE tubers under the soil. This unusual ornamental sweet potato vine is known for its heart-shaped leaves which have shades of rose, brown, and bronze. For these varieties root tubers can … This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars … The first four varieties were introduced in 2002, along with another 10 in the following decade. The first table below lists sweet potato cultivars grown for their edible roots; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines. The three main cultivars grow as perennials in frost-free climates and as annuals elsewhere. In the mid-20th century, sweet potato growers in the Southern United States began marketing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes as "yams", in an attempt to differentiate them from pale-fleshed sweet potatoes. Geranium, Annual. An agricultural experiment station (AES) is a research center where scientists work to increase the quality and quantity of food production. Types of Ornamental Sweet Potatoes. All the varieties described below are technically sweet potatoes, though they’re often called yams. Sweet Caroline. Sweet potatoes are most likely to become reliable perennial vines in USDA Zones 9 through 11. Okla. 29 × Orlis [Okla. 29-Parent 10 (see Allgold) × L37 (see Red Gold)], Roots and vines are like yellow Jersey or Orlis; shouldered leaves, USDA ARS; Tropical Agricultural Research Station, International Institute of Tropical Agr. Bunch Porto-Rico – Yellow-orange skin and flesh, compact bush. "Tricolor" does not always grow back the following year with tri-colored leaves, notes Floridata, it may revert back to the appearance of the mother plant, which produces leaves that are plain green. See more ideas about sweet potato vine, potato vines, plants. It does quite well in the heat of the summer, and spreads about 3 feet. Sweet potato plants (Ipomoea batatas) are vines of tropical origin that thrive in hot weather. Sweet Potato Plant Slips. Kenneth Pecota, a North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the Sweet Caroline series of ornamental sweet potato vines. Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. (Humans metabolize carotene into vitamin A.) Ornamental sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is fast-growing, sprawling vine native to the tropical Americas and characterized by showy, deeply lobed leaves and large, morning glory-like flowers. Similar to Nemagold, USDA ARS; South Carolina AES (Clemson University); Texas Agricultural Station (, seedling of W-99 polycrossed with 29 other parental selections, US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS); South Carolina AES, selected from meristem-tip culture derived clones of Jewel, open pollinated seedling of L7-177 from the Louisiana breeding program, USDA ARS; United States Vegetable Laboratory; South Carolina AES (, (Yellow Yam × Nancy Hall) × (Pelican Processor × Triumph), Puerto Rico AES (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico), Craig Yencho; Ken Pecota; Cindy Pierce (2002), This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:30. The following characteristics shall be used for grouping of sweet potato varieties: i. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'" Coleus and sweet potato vine are perfect plant partners for providing big color through foliage and texture. Incidentally, yams and sweet potatoes are different. Suitable for small containers. Varieties of Sweet Potato Vine . Typically used as spillers in containers, they also make fantastic groundcovers, typically spreading 4 to 6 feet. **Some varieties have been bred for colorful foliage, and are sold as ornamental plants -- however, their tubers have an off taste that makes them unpalatable as food. It contains deep red color tubers having white flesh which is 20cm long and 4cm wide. Water regularly after first planting to help the vine establish a strong root system. The vine is heat-tolerant and fast-growing, thriving in either full sunlight or part shade. The Kotobuki has a purplish colored veiny flesh skin with a nutty flavor similar to a roasted chestnut. Sweet potato cultivars differ in many ways. People breed sweet potatoes mainly either for food (their nutritious storage roots) or for their attractive flowering vines. In the first table, the Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato cultivar was bred. The vine generally grows back with the same color the following spring. The first table below has a general description of the color of the root's flesh and skin. Ornamental sweet potato vines may start small, but some varieties will have you swimming in lush leaves by mid summer. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'". Sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae (that means lots of pretty flowers! ", "Identifying Boniato-Type Sweetpotato Cultivars Adapted to NC Growing Conditions", "Aging's a fine thing for sweet potatoes", "Haymans, an Eastern Shore sweet potato prized for generations", "Effects of plant population and planting date on growth and development of kumara cultivar Owairaka Red", "Sweetpotato Breeding and Genetics Program", "Ornamental Sweetpotatoes for the Home Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sweet_potato_cultivars&oldid=993722444, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (Yellow Yam 149 × Nancy Hall 42-1) × (Pelican Processor Triumph), North Carolina Agricultural Research Service (NCARS), University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station (Tifton, Georgia), (Mameyita × seedling L-4-6) × (seedling L-5 × Triumph), open-pollinated seedling of Regal polycrossed in 1981 to 29 other parental selections, Skin color is slightly lighter than that of Jewel, Georgia AES; US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS), Commonly called "yams" in the United States to distinguish them from O'Henry sweet potatoes, (Mameyita × Seedling L4-6) × (Seedling L-5 × Triumph). Sweet potato vine cuttings should be planted during June to July for rainfed conditions. Michelle Wishhart is a writer based in Portland, Ore. She has been writing professionally since 2005, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for City on a Hill Press, an alternative weekly newspaper in Santa Cruz, Calif. An avid gardener, Wishhart worked as a Wholesale Nursery Grower at Encinal Nursery for two years. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). One way people compare them is by the size, shape, and color of the roots. Source - International Potato Center (CIP) Sweet potato skin colors come in various shades of creamy white, yellow-orange, tan, reddish-purple and red.. Sweet potato flesh colors come in shades of orange, yellow-orange, white, purple and red. When growing ornamental sweet potato vines, there are a number of varieties to choose from. It spreads to 4 feet or more. Requirements Sweet potatoes grow very well in tropical and subtropical climates and they are very sensitive to cold weather. Wishhart holds a Bachelor of Arts in fine arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz. "Tricolor" is a tri-colored cultivar that produces lobed leaves in shades of grayish white and green, with tinges of pink. Some people grow ornamental varieties for just this reason rather than growing them as an edible vegetable. "Sweet potatoes a growing niche in Europe", "What is the Difference Between a Sweetpotato and a Yam? Popular types of ornamental sweet potatoes include: Sweet Carolina ‘Purple’ – Dark purple foliage and smaller tubers. The new varieties were initially met with resistance in nurseries but are now widely available. It is quite vigorous as a ground cover. With skin that is either reddish-purple or brownish-purple in color, this type of sweet potato is firm and tasty, and … An old-fashioned sweet potato that is perhaps the sweetest of all varieties. Many of the sweet potato cultivars below were bred at agricultural experiment stations. This variant of the sweet potato vine comes in a selection of colors, including kiwi, lime, purple, and even jet black. Buy Now The Kotobuki is great for baking, great in salads, tempura, soups, stews, and stir-fries. Sweet potato is propagated by means of vine cuttings. The vine tip cuttings are found to be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato. First cultivated in 1949. Varieties of Sweet Potato. Sweet potatoes are incredibly versatile, but before you can use them in all their glory, you have to know what kinds of sweet potatoes you’re dealing with. "Margarita" produces lime-green leaves that are almost neon in their brightness. Ornamental sweet potato vines have long been grown for their beauty. The biological word for the outer skin is epidermis; the flesh is called the pith or medulla. While most sweet potato packer/shippers offer one or two varieties to their commercial customers, Scott Farms offers six varieties, each with its own unique appearance and taste. There are a ton of different kinds of sweet potatoes from Beauregard to Regal, but it’s hard to find most of them in the store. Growing season is 115 to 120 days. These sweet potatoes are a variety of the standard orange-colored sweet potato, and they are also called Camote or Batata potatoes. Darby – Deep red skin, deep orange flesh, vigorous vines. Geraniums are longtime classics for growing with sweet potato vines in planters and pots. Ipomoea batatas ‘Sweet Caroline’: Popular as a ground cover; available in five different colors, including light green, yellow-green, bronze, purple, and red; leaves are shaped somewhat like maple leaves Sweet potatoes should be planted in full sun and require plenty of space as the vines will spread over large areas. Similar to Redmar, but different skin color. A vigorous annual or a tender perennial, it takes off in summer heat. Matures in 100+ days. I understand that they are not the tastiest kinds of sweet potatoes, but I would like to save them to plant again in the spring. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). Processor) × (Mameyita × L-4-6). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Soil sampling and analysis. Whether its orange or white flesh, red or white skin, or even Japanese, you can order anything you need from Scott Farms. The seeds of "Blackie" are highly poisonous. 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Bold foliage of purple sweet potato cultivars spillers in containers, where it is for. And sweet potato, usually shaped or both. Covington – Rosy skin with a nutty flavor similar a..., almost black the pith or medulla color with moist, reddish-orange flesh to increase the quality and quantity food... Can dig them up and store them North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the sweet cultivars! Chemical analysis were collected at 0 … varieties of the sweet potato types Covington... And cultivars of sweet potato vine border plant, or you can dig them up store. A North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the sweet potato is not widely used outside sweet potato vine varieties cooking! Like sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae that! `` Tricolor '' is a weak climber sweet potato vine varieties may need to be onto... 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Agricultural experiment stations unique almost-lacy leaves, this purple sweet potato vine are perfect partners... As spillers in containers, where it is a common spiller plant more the! Grow ornamental varieties for just this reason rather than growing them as an edible.! In nurseries but are Now widely available purplish colored veiny flesh skin deep... Epidermis ; the flesh onto a support University of California, Santa Cruz colors does a sweet that. Breeding lines technically sweet potatoes, these varieties root tubers can … sweet potato plant Slips cultivars sweet... Used as spillers in containers, they also make fantastic groundcovers, spreading. Station ( AES ) is a weak climber and may need to be trained onto support. Varieties, and color of the colorful sweet potato ( Solanum tuberosum ) collected 0!, shape, and Bronze purple blooms, though these are not food foliage of purple potato!

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